Derveni papyrus

Derveni-PapyrusДервентски папирусPapyrus z DerveniΠάπυρος του ΔερβενίουPapiruso de DerveniPapiro de DerveniDervenin papyrusPapyrus de DerveniPapirus DerveniPapiro di Derveniデルヴェニ・パピルスДервенски папирусPapirus z DerveniDerveni-papyrusenПапирус из ДервениPapyrus DerbeniensisПапірус з Дервеніpapir de Derveni德爾維尼紙莎草德尔维尼纸莎草데르베니 파피루스

Language: Ancient Greek

Collection: Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki

Material: papyrus

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The Derveni papyrus is an ancient Macedonian papyrus roll that was found in 1962. It is a philosophical treatise that is an allegorical commentary on an Orphic poem, a theogony concerning the birth of the gods, produced in the circle of the philosopher Anaxagoras. It was composed near the end of the 5th century BC, and "in the fields of Greek religion, the sophistic movement, early philosophy, and the origins of literary criticism it is unquestionably the most important textual discovery of the 20th century." The roll itself dates to around 340 BC, during the reign of Philip II of Macedon, making it Europe's oldest surviving manuscript. (continued on English Wikipedia)
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